by Enya Quinn April 14, 2021
The most famous gemstone of them all, the diamond. Every lucky baby born in April gets to call diamond their birthstone and diamond is the traditional gift for a 60th wedding anniversary too. An alluring, durable and absolutely beautiful gemstone that is the hardest mineral on Earth, diamonds have been loved for many centuries and continue to be the most loved gemstone in the world.
Diamond gets its name from the Greek word adamasmeaning invincible or indestructible and Ancient Greeks believed they were “tears of the Gods”. They have been cherished and adorned by royalty as a symbol of courage, strength and invincibility. Diamonds have also become the ultimate gift of love, representing an unbreakable bond that will last forever. How romantic!
The Formation of Diamonds
Between 3.5 billion and 990 million years ago, diamonds formed in the Earth’s mantle, which is about 150km below the surface. It is here where the carbon that diamond is made from, is put under immense heat and pressure. The diamonds are caught in kimberlite or lamproite molten rock and are pushed to the surface in small volcanic eruptions. These eruptions allow for the diamonds to cool quickly, keeping their form.
The History of Diamonds
Diamonds were first found over 4000 years ago in India’s rivers and streams. People knew they were special and they were often used as a talisman to protect against evil and many religious objects were decorated with diamonds. Later, diamonds were brought to Venice, Italy, the diamond trading capital at the time and in the 1330s polishing of the diamond facets began. The art of diamond polishing spread throughout Europe and eventually Antwerp, Belgium became the diamond trading capital.
As India’s diamond supply depleted, Brazil became the biggest supplier of diamonds by the 18th century. But after 150 years Brazil's diamond supply dwindled. Fortunately a new discovery was found near Kimberly, South Africa in the late 1860s and this discovery marked the beginning of the modern diamond market.
The Largest Diamond Ever Found
It was in South Africa’s Premier Mine where, in 1905, the biggest diamond ever was found. Weighing an unbelievable 3,106 carats or 621 grams, this diamond was named The Cullinan Diamond after the mines chairman Thomas Cullinan. It was cut into 9 smaller diamonds, including the 530 carat, pear shaped Cullinan I diamond, also known as the Great Star of Africa, which is now housed in the Tower of London with the other Crown Jewels.
Myths & Legends
April’s birthstone is believed to have healing powers and protects the wearer from evil, poisoning and disease. It is also said to bring inner strength and power to the wearer because of its hardness and brilliance.
Diamonds are used in engagement rings as a promise to love and cherish that person forever. It is no wonder diamond has become the symbol of eternal love because of its longevity, strength and incredible beauty.
Caring For Your Diamonds
Diamond is the strongest mineral on Earth and has a rating of 10 on the Mohs Scale of Hardness, which is the highest. This means that your diamonds are tough and durable but they still need to be taken good care of, like all gemstones. Your diamond jewellery can be professionally cleaned in an ultrasonic machine. Make sure you visit us at least once a year to have your diamond engagement ring cleaned and checked.
You can also clean your diamond jewellery at home using a mixture of warm water and a mild dish soap. Use a soft toothbrush to scrub underneath the settings. Rinse, dry and they’re sparkling again!
If you ever buy a natural diamond or are lucky enough to be gifted one, you know now that you are holding a piece of the Earth’s natural wonders. If you want to discover more about our Diamond Engagement Rings, Diamond Eternity Rings or Diamond Jewellery, book a virtual appointment with a member of our team. We are here to guide you through the world of diamonds.
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