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Learn about Diamonds

Diamonds are truly one of natures most precious and beautiful creations. They are formed from pure carbon, crystalised under intense heat and pressure, deep below the earths surface. Diamonds are the hardest substance known to man. Over the years diamond professionals have developed universally standardised criteria for assessing a diamonds value.

This criteria is known as the Four C's: Cut, Colour, Clarity and Carat.

They are the most important factors in assessing a diamonds rarity, beauty and value.


The term "cut" is often used to describe the shape of a diamond (such as "round brilliant cut" or "princess cut"). But shape refers to the form of the diamond, while cut refers to how the diamond's proportions reflect light.


Diamonds are graded by colour from D - Z D being the best possible. Most of our diamonds are between D and H


Most Diamonds have noticeable carbon marks visible to the naked eye The Clarity of a Diamond is measured by the following expressions:



The "Carat" is the Diamond industry standard system used to weigh Diamonds. The word carat comes from the carob seed which had a remarkably average weight of 0.2 grams.


The Fifth C - Conflict Free Diamonds


As a company we care passionately about people and totally abhor any abuse of human rights.

Our Role: We have been a supporter of the Kimberley process since it came into effect in January 2003. Every supplier of diamonds or diamond jewellery to Gear Jewellers has given written assurance that all diamonds purchased by us are conflict free and sourced from non-conflict areas. These warranties are renewed on an annual basis and vigilantly maintained We are very selective when choosing our supply partners; all are well established and fully comply with the process. We are confident that our system is effective and are very aware of our responsibility to remain pro-active in combating the trade in conflict diamonds.

What is the Kimberley Process? The Kimberley Process (KP) is a joint governments, industry and civil society initiative to stem the flow of conflict diamonds, rough diamonds used by rebel movements to finance wars against legitimate governments. The trade in these illicit stones has fuelled decades of devastating conflicts in countries such as Angola, Cote d'Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Sierra Leone.

The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) imposes extensive requirements on its members to enable them to certify shipments of rough diamonds as conflict-free. The KP has 54 members, representing 81 countries, with the European Community and its Member States counting as an individual participant.


"The Diamonds in this store have been purchased from legitimate sources not involved in funding conflict in compliance with United Nations General Assembly Resolution 55/56 (2000)"






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